Austin’s Summer Bio Project: part 2

1. Amylase- An enzyme that breaks starches down into sugar.  Amylase can be found in saliva.

2.  C4 plant- Corn is a C4 plant, this means that it has adapted to minimize loss during photo-respiration.

3.  Adaptation of a plant- corn has adapted to minimize loss during photo respiration.

4.  Endosperm- the part of the seed that provides nutrients for the embryo.  The part of corn that we eat is the endosperm.

5.  Calvin Cycle- The Calvin Cycle is a process of photo synthesis where water and carbon dioxide are converted into usable compounds.

6.  Cellulose- Cellulose is a major compound in all plants.  Wood is nearly 50% cellulose.

7.  Tendril of a plant- A tendril is a stem that is used by plants to climb up other things to get to where the sunlight is.

8.  woody stem- a woody stem is a stem of a plant that has been growing for 2 or more years, after that time the stem thickens to allow for more circulation.  trees are great examples of this.

9.  Vascular plant tissue- Vascular plant tissue is used to transport nutrients and fluids inside the plant.  The part of this leaf that looks like veins is the vascular tissue.

10.  Keratin- Keratin is strong group of proteins.  Hair, nails, and claws are all made of keratin.

11.  Heart wood- Heart wood is the part of the tree that is in the center and is resistant to rotting.

12.  hermaphrodite- a hermaphrodite has both male and female sex organs.  An earthworm is a great example of this.

13.  frond- a frond is a large divided leaf, ferns are a prime example.

14.  fermentation- when yeast interacts with sugars to form ethanol.

15.  Ethylene- Ethylene is a gas released by fruits that can help to speed up ripening.

16.  Endotherm- an endotherm is any animal that regulates it’s own body heat.

17.Long day plant- long day plants require less hours of darkness to produce flowers.  Clovers fall into this category.

18.  Nymph stage of an insect- the nymph stage is an immature stage of an insect.  When the insect matures it will molt or shed it’s skin.  Cicadas cling to tree’s as they shed their skin.

19. Prokaryote- Prokaryotes are organisms that lack a nuclei or other membrane bound organelles.  Plants are almost all prokaryotes.

20. Spore- Spores are used by some organisms as a means of reproduction.  Some types of mold release spores.  Here is some mold that i found in my sister’s basement.

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Austin’s Summer Bio Project

1. Adaptation of a plant – Aquatic plants have adapted to fit their environment.  Many of them have long stems so that they can reach the surface of the water.

2. Amniotic egg- Eggs that are produced by reptiles, birds and some mammals.  The embryo grows inside the amnion untill it is ready to hatch.

3. Animal that has a segmented body- This is an ant, it has a segmented body.  It has three parts, a head, a thorax, and an abdomen

4.  Arthropod- Ants are also arthropods.  They are segmented invertebrates with jointed legs.

5. Insect- Ant are insects.  They have a head, thorax, and abdomen.  They also have wings.

6. Autotroph – Plants are one of the best examples of autotrophs.  They are able to make their own food with just light.

7. Exoskeleton- This Cicada has an exoskeleton.  All insects have an exoskeleton.

8. Deciduous leaf- Deciduous leaves fall off when the seasons change from warm to cold.

9. Radial symmetry- Radial symmetry is when a vertical line can be drawn down the middle of an object and the right and left side are the same.  The is Deciduous leaf shows a good example of this.

10. Flower ovary- the ovary protects the ovule and will become the fruit once it is fertilized.

11. Fruit (fleshy with seed) – this apple is a fleshy fruit.

12. Gastropod- this snail is a gastropod, it has a single shell and has a foot used for movement.

13. chitin- the exoskeleton of this ant is made of chitin.

14. Eukaryote- These wasps are eukaryotes, their cells are complex and have nuclei.

15. Pollen- pollen is a fine powder that is made by the anthers of seed plants.  These flowers make a lot of pollen.

16. pine cone (female)- this is a female pine cone, it was on the upper part of the tree and has a woodier composition.

17. torn of a plant- this plant has lots of thorns on it.  one of the main functions of a thorn is to protect the plant from being eaten by animals.

18. Coniferous leaf this plant has coniferous leaves, it will keep its leaves throughout the cold seasons.

19. lichen – this tree has lichen on it.  Lichen is a fungus that grows on trees.

20. Pollinator- these monarch butterflies are great pollinators, as they fly from plant to plant collecting nectar, pollen from the plant rubs off onto them,  when they fly to the next plant they pollinate it the pollen from the other plant.

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